### TMRCA Calculator

This program calculates the probability that two people have a certain number
of generations between them, based on the standard infinite alleles formula of Walsh. It calculates both the probability of being at an exact number of
"transmission events" between a certain pair of people and
the cumulative probability that the actual number of transmission events is less than
a certain value. It can list both result types in a table, or graph either
type. In either case the horizontal axis stops at the point where the
cumulative probability reaches 97.5% or 10 generations, whichever is longer.
Note that the number of transmission events is essentially twice the number of generations
back to the MRCA (Most Recent Common Ancestor).

Suggested values for the average mutation rate per marker per generation are given below. These are estimates
from all available sources by the author as of October, 2006 and except for the FTDNA 12 set are still not very well determined.
The SNP rates are particularly poorly known. More up to date estimates
can sometimes be found in the Rootsweb genealogy-dna mailing list archives.

FTDNA Y‑12 STR | 0.0020 | SMGF STR set (no 464) | 0.0021 | mtDNA complete genome | 3·10‑6 |

FTDNA Y‑25 STR | 0.0023 | All 118 available Y STR | 0.0025 | autosomal, X, and Y SNPs | 1·10‑8 |

FTDNA Y‑37 STR | 0.0033 | mtDNA HVR | 2·10‑5 |

FTDNA Y‑67 STR | 0.0028 | mtDNA coding | 2·10‑6 |

This program was created by J. D. McDonald and is public domain.